Tools for Leaders/Command

EFMP/Special Needs

A couple holding hands with their child, a man in a wheelchair and a child hugging a older man


The Exceptional Family Member Program supports military families with special medical and educational needs.

A family member with special needs can be a spouse/significant other, child or dependent adult who:

  • Requires medical services for a chronic condition
  • Has significant behavioral health concerns
  • Receives ongoing services from a medical specialist
  • Is eligible for, or receives early intervention services through, an individualized family services plan - children birth though 3 years
  • Is eligible for, or receives special education services though, an individualized education program - children 4 through 21 years

Key Points

Leadership at all levels should be familiar with their service-specific EFMP regulations and policies.

Identification and enrollment

When a family member is identified with special medical or educational needs, these are documented through enrollment in the EFMP. Enrollment in the EFMP is mandatory for active-duty service members. This allows medical and educational personnel to review the availability of medical and educational resources in projected assignment locations and ensures that the family member's documented medical and educational needs are considered during the assignment process.

Paperwork required for enrollment in the EFMP is available from the EFMP medical point of contact at the installation military treatment facility or in the Marine Corps, from Marine Corps Community Services.
Paperwork includes:

  • The DD Form 2792, Family Member Medical Summary, which documents medical needs. The service member, spouse/significant other or adult family member completes the first page. The remainder is completed by the family member's physician or other qualified medical professional and includes the diagnosis, frequency of care, medication and any special accommodations required.
  • The DD Form 2792-1, Special Education/Early Intervention Summary, which documents educational needs. The sponsor, parent or legal guardian completes items one through seven of the first page. The remainder of the form is completed by school or early intervention program personnel. The form includes the child's educational diagnosis and is accompanied by a copy of the IEP or IFSP.

After the appropriate medical or educational provider completes the form(s), they must be returned to the EFMP medical point of contact.

Assignment coordination

The military mission is the driving force behind the assignment process, but the EFMP enrollment ensures that a family member's special needs are considered during that process. Assignment coordination occurs when the personnel command requests medical or educational professionals to review a family member's documented needs (available because of the EFMP enrollment) to determine availability of services at a projected location.

Assignment coordination is important, because access to appropriate medical and educational services may be limited in some locations, especially in overseas and remote areas. When assignment coordination occurs, family members receive the care and support they require, and the service member can focus more clearly on mission-related responsibilities.

Family support

The EFMP family support assists families with special needs by helping them identify and access programs and services. It includes, but is not limited to, the following:

  • Information and referral for military and community services
  • Education and outreach about issues related to the special need
  • Referral to other family center providers
  • Local school and EIS information
  • Warm handoffs to the EFMP at the next location
  • Non-clinical case management, including individualized services plans

The EFMP family support providers are primarily located at installation family support centers. Families not located near an installation may contact the nearest installation for assistance or call Military OneSource. Exceptional Family Member Program contact information can be found at the following locations:

Guard and Reserve

Members of the National Guard or reserves may enroll according to service-specific guidance.


Department of Defense Policy
Department of Defense Service Regulations and Orders


Find programs and services at your local installation.

View a directory of installations

Service members, family members, surviving family members, service providers and leaders rely on Military OneSource for policy, procedures, timely articles, cutting-edge social media tools and support. All in one place, empowering our military community.