Person-center planning helps individuals with disabilities direct their own lives — with options to plan housing, work, finances and more. Here are some questions and answers that can help you better understand person-centered planning, how it can help and how you might fit into the process.
What is person-centered planning?
- Brings the person with a disability together with a team of family, friends, neighbors, employers, community members and healthcare professionals to find out what is important to the person with the disability, now and in the future
- Matches the wants and needs of the individual to existing services, adapts existing services to better suit the person or creates new services if required
- Gives the individual more control over services and the direction of their lives
- Helps the individual accomplish their goals and fit in and contribute to society in a personalized way, rather than passively accepting services based solely on their diagnosis and condition
- Finds ways for the individual to develop the skills and abilities needed to work toward achieving his or her goals and having more control in his or her life
What are the benefits of person-centered planning?
The benefits of person-centered planning:
- Focuses on the individual, not the planner
- Focuses on the individual’s strengths, not deficits
- Helps alleviate isolation, stigmatizing labels, loss of opportunity and loss of hope
What are some basic planning objectives?
Person-centered planning aims to help the person with disabilities do the following:
- Live in the community
- Choose his or her own services and housing
- Develop his or her own skills and interests
- Be treated with respect
- Find a valued social role
- Find meaningful independent relationships
Who makes up the planning team?
- An unbiased facilitator: Facilitators encourage brainstorming during the meeting and help identify friends, family or professionals that can help keep the plan on track.
- Advocates: Disability service advocates can help find resources, discuss options, help with evaluating plans and services, and help the individual become a self-advocate. In some cases, this may be a person with knowledge of disability law.
- Family members and friends: Immediate and extended family members and close friends can weigh options and help with informed decision making.
How do you build a team of advocates?
- Exceptional Family Member Program: Your installation Exceptional Family Member Program Family Support provider and Military OneSource can assist with finding person-centered planning facilitators and resources. Although facilitators and related resources will most likely come with a fee, a consultation with your installation EFMP Family Support provider or Military OneSource is free. Find your local EFMP Family Support provider or call 800-342-9647 to speak with a Military OneSource special needs consultant and be connected to experts on a wide range of topics relevant to families with special needs, including education, independent living and more.
- State-provided resources: State-provided adult services specialists may be available in some states. You can search for programs and organizations providing advocacy at Disability.gov by entering “advocate” and your state.
- University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities: A Center for Excellence is another great resource for finding person-centered planning facilitators. To locate a center in your state, visit the Administration for Community Living website.
How can you help?
The more you know about how you fit into the planning process, the more you can help meet the goals of the individual. To assist with planning, it’s useful to become familiar with some of the following:
- Visit the EFMP & Me tool to create a customized checklist for your family. Review the Transitioning to Adulthood section for tips and resources on person-centered planning.
- Build Your Knowledge with free e-learning courses such as “Adults with Special Needs,” “Government Assistance Programs,” advocacy videos and more on MilLife Learning.
- An Internet search for “person-centered planning toolkit” should provide resources to help you prepare for the planning meeting.
- Organization: Get organized with the Special Care Organizational Record for Adults With Special Health Care Needs or the Special Care Organizational Record for Young Adults With Special Needs.
- Disability services and rights: People with disabilities have certain rights under the law.
- Many benefits are available for people with disabilities. Visit Disability.gov to find out what Social Security benefits, medical services, employment, housing, transportation, respite care and other forms of assistance are available at the federal level. The site also has links to state benefits.
Military OneSource EFMP ROC special needs consultants can answer your questions and concerns about the care and education of your child or adult family member with special needs. Call us at 800-342-9647.