The Family Advocacy Program
Whether or not you've experienced domestic abuse personally, you probably know that it can have devastating consequences. Victims carry the emotional scars of abuse long after they're out of harm's way. And abusers, if not stopped, can escalate the violence until they and their victims lose everything — family, career, self-respect and even their freedom.
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The Department of Defense is committed to addressing and ending domestic abuse. The Family Advocacy Program works to prevent abuse by offering programs to put a stop to domestic abuse before it starts. When abuse does occur, the FAP works to ensure the safety of victims and helps military families overcome the effects of violence and change destructive behavior patterns. FAP staff members are trained to respond to incidents of abuse and neglect, support victims, and offer prevention and treatment. The following information will give you a better understanding of the FAP and how it supports families and the military mission.
The department is specific about what it considers domestic abuse and child abuse, and under what circumstances the FAP will get involved.
How FAP prevents abuse and supports families
The FAP works to prevent domestic abuse and child abuse and neglect by providing education and awareness programs for all members of the military community:
- Classes, workshops and seminars. Couples communication, anger management, stress management, effective parenting, and conflict resolution are just a few of the educational programs available to help military families learn how to build positive relationships. The FAP also provides educational programs to leadership and to service members during unit training.
- New Parent Support Program. Active duty service members and spouses who have or are expecting a baby may participate in the program. The program offers home visitation, parenting education, and other services to help young families provide a safe and nurturing environment for their children.
- Counseling. Sometimes counseling is the best way for individuals and couples to understand and change attitudes, impulses, and patterns of interacting that contribute to hurtful and potentially violent behavior. One-on-one support helps parents develop positive parenting techniques, manage anger, and learn communication skills.
- Public awareness campaigns. The FAP works to help communities learn to recognize domestic and child abuse, where and how to report it, and how victims can get help.
What to expect when reporting abuse
When an allegation of abuse or neglect is reported, FAP professionals meet individually with suspected victims, offenders, and other family members to gather information about the allegation and the family's history. This information, along with other evidence, is used to develop recommendations for follow-up action. An important part of the program is collaboration among FAP staff, military units, law enforcement, medical and legal personnel, Family Support Centers, chaplains and civilian agencies. This coordinated community effort is essential to prevent and respond to abusive behavior in military families.
Because abuse can take many forms and varies considerably in degree of severity, the FAP relies on a multi-disciplinary committee to evaluate reported cases and a clinical case review team to recommend a program of treatment for victims and abusers. Members of the multi-disciplinary team represent different fields, including law enforcement, health care, social services, counseling, legal services and civilian child protective services.
When allegations of abuse involve a service member, a representative from his or her command is invited to participate in the multi-disciplinary team review. When treatment is recommended for the service member, it becomes the responsibility of the command to enforce compliance with the treatment plan. Cases that meet criteria for abuse are reviewed on a regular schedule until requirements of the program of treatment have been met and victims are deemed safe from further abuse.
How FAP advocates for victims of abuse
The FAP takes action to protect victims from further abuse and help them heal. Victim advocates support victims by providing the following services:
- Confidentiality with a restrictive reporting option. To encourage early identification of domestic abuse and help victims get the care they need while they decide what to do next, the military offers a restrictive reporting option for reporting abuse. With this option, victims can get assistance from a FAP victim advocate and receive medical care without it automatically resulting in an abuse investigation or notification to the service member's command. Because victim safety is a priority, victims at imminent risk of serious harm or cases involving child abuse are not eligible for restricted reporting.
- Help finding shelter and other support. A victim advocate may help the victim locate shelter or other safe place to stay, find legal services, refer the victim to counseling, help find child care, or help the victim find services in the local civilian community.
- Help getting a Military Protective Order. An MPO is issued by a military commander and may order the service member to surrender his or her weapons custody card or stay away from the family home. Commanders can tailor their orders to meet the specific needs of the victim. It is important to remember that neither a restraining order nor an MPO will prevent the abuser from returning home or entering the victim's workplace, but it does make it illegal for him or her to do so.
- Counseling services. Clinical counselors offer counseling services and, if appropriate, can help the victim find counseling, whether through a Military OneSource counselor or a civilian counselor in the local community.
- Intervention with civilian agencies on behalf of victims. Such agencies may include civilian courts, schools, and social services agencies.
- Help preparing a safety plan. Abuse victims need to know in advance what to do before, during, and after a domestic abuse crisis. Safety plans cover things like where to go for shelter, how to find financial and emotional support, a contingency plan for child care, and what to have ready to take with you if you have to leave home.
If you are interested in developing a safety plan, call a Military OneSource consultant at 800-342-9647, who can take time to walk through the necessary steps.
The FAP also offers abusers opportunities for rehabilitation. FAP treatment helps abusers recognize and stop their destructive behavior and begin to develop healthy family relationships.
Call 911 if you are in immediate danger of assault or physical injury. If on a military installation, call your military law enforcement office.